This recipe is based on Oribasius (Medical Compilations 1:64), who was a Greek medical writer in the 4th century CE and the personal physician of the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate.
On the citron.
There are three parts to this fruit: the acid part in the centre and the so-called ‘flesh’ around this and thirdly the covering that surrounds the outside. This latter part is sweet-smelling and aromatic, but difficult to digest; it is an aid to the digestion, if one uses it as a medicine, and it strengthens the stomach if taken in small amounts. People use the sharp and uneatable part after putting it in vinegar to make it still sharper. The part which is in between the other two, which gives nourishment to the body, is difficult to digest.
Greek text and translation is from Mark Grant, Dieting for an emperor: a translation of books 1 and 4 of Oribasius’ Medical compilations with an introduction and commentary.
- Kaufman, Cathy K. Cooking in Ancient Civilizations. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006, p. 176.
- Grant, Mark, ed. Dieting for an emperor: a translation of books 1 and 4 of Oribasius’ Medical compilations with an introduction and commentary. Vol. 15. Brill, 1997.